Summer in Peru lasts from December to March, so at that time there is rainy season in highlands. If you wish to hike the Inca Trail – of which final destination is Machu Picchu – you should wait until May (and than you have time until September), or at least not visit Peru in February, because this trail is closed in that month.
If you wish to relax by the Ocean and visit some beaches, June to August is your best time frame to visit. It’s the dry season, it’s warm, and is the best time for visiting festivals and enjoying highland sports.
A trip to Peru takes you back in time and allows you to rediscover the exciting lives of numerous indigenous people like Inkas, Chancas, Chachapoyas, Quechua, Aymara, and Wari. Actually in Peru exist 92 individual groups of Peruvian Indians, but some of them are pretty small. Either way, by visiting Peru you can get to know their culture, works of art, try their feasts, and experience the energy of their people.
Fresh local ingredients with a smell of history. Wouldn’t you like to taste that? Peruvian cuisine is a mix of Incan, Spanish, African and Asian culinary world. If going into the right restaurants and ask for traditional Peruvian dishes, on your plate you will find a lot of fresh fish from the ocean, meat, potatoes, corn, quinoa, herbs, and – of course – chillies.
If you’ll be there for a longer time, be sure to try out “traditional dishes” in different areas, since different regions have different traditions. The mixing of cultures and the variety of climates differ from city to city so geography, climate, culture and ethnic mix determine the variety of local cuisine.
Oh, and if you’re a foodie … You HAVE to try Peruvian street food. Especially if you have a sweet tooth, you wont get bored here.
The most famous native people of Peru are Incas that lived in the Andes with highly structured society, advanced architecture and unbelievable connection to Nature and the land. One of the most known Incas sights is Inca Trail, of which final destination is Machu Picchu – the “Lost City of Inkas” as the Peruvians call it.
When the Spaniards arrived in the land of Peru, the Inkas ran and hide in this amazing sanctuary that is located 2430 m above the sea-level. The conquistadors were never taken there and the city remained hidden from outsiders until the 20th century. There is no surprise that this historic sanctuary is one of the UNESCO World Heritage Sights.
The Incan empire stretched 2500 miles and was called the Land of the Four Quarters. Their temples were literally paved with gold. The centre of the Inca World was Cuzco. It is nestled in a mountain valley 10,000 feet above the sea level, and now receives nearly 2 million visitors a year.
The ancient temple called Saksaywaman there covers 250 square meters and is built from large dry stone walls with boulders carefully cut to fit together tightly without mortar.
In 1533 Spanish conquistadors arrived in the city and since than many of the Incan buildings were destroyed, but many of them were rebuild with an European touch.
Those that visit historical city of Cuzco, say that is a great place to get that true Peruvian vibe by meeting typical Peruvian people wearing traditional costumes there. Besides, there are a lot of stores and restaurant where you can enjoy the sun and sight.
The highlands of Peru include also the highest peak of the country, which is 6,768 m high. Peru's distinct environmental regions provide excellent trekking options for both experienced hikers and casual trekkers alike. There are plenty of trails to choose from. Joining the classic Inca Trail at Wayllabamba and continuing to Machu Picchu is a must, if you consider yourself a trekker.
Attempting to see everything is a bit challenging, but in Peru every place and sight is incredible. If you’re interested into backpacking thru this Country, look for travel bloggers, who already done it, preferably on their own.
Of course, you have to visit Lima, the capital of Peru. There you can gently enter into Peruvian culture, visit galleries, try different restaurants and explore the colourful markets. At the beaches you can observe the surfers or try it out by yourself. Playa Waikiki is very famous surfer beach. Than the best option is to proceed via the South Coast.
If going South, visit Arequipa that was the colonial-era capital of Peru’s Arequipa Region. From there you can hike to volcanoes or explore the historic city centre. You can even take Peruvian cooking class there.
When you’ll absorb all that, you can take your tip to the next level and visit Lake Titikaka and Inka Trail. Than the jungle is your next destination. Doing that you can visit Peru's Tamshiyacu-Tahuayo Reserve, which is famed for its diversity of wildlife.
Did you know that Peru counts with 28 individual climates? In one (crazy) day you can make a snow angel in the Andes, take a dip in the South Pacific Ocean, and go sand boarding in Huacachina.
It has also an equally diverse amount of plants. It has over 1800 species of birds (120 endemic to Peru), and 500 species of mammals, and over 300 species of reptiles.
If you don’t have a lot of time – a month would be great for exploring Peru – and you’re advanced driver, hiring a car is a good idea, although driving in Peru could be a bit like adrenaline sport. A four-wheel-drive vehicle is your best option – no matter in which area you are considering to rent your vehicle.